By The Associated Press
Today in History
Today is Wednesday, March 3, the 62nd day of 2021. There are 303 days left in the year.
Todayís Highlight in History:
On March 3, 1931, ìThe Star-Spangled Bannerî became the national anthem of the United States as President Herbert Hoover signed a congressional resolution.
On this date:
In 1791, Congress passed a measure taxing distilled spirits; it was the first internal revenue act in U.S. history.
In 1845, Florida became the 27th state.
In 1863, President Abraham Lincoln signed a measure creating the National Academy of Sciences.
In 1887, Anne Sullivan arrived at the Tuscumbia, Alabama, home of Captain and Mrs. Arthur H. Keller to become the teacher for their deaf-blind 6-year-old daughter, Helen.
In 1943, in Londonís East End, 173 people died in a crush of bodies at the Bethnal Green tube station, which was being used as a wartime air raid shelter.
In 1945, the Allies fully secured the Philippine capital of Manila from Japanese forces during World War II.
In 1960, Lucille Ball filed for divorce from her husband, Desi Arnaz, a day after they had finished filming the last episode of ìThe Lucille Ball-Desi Arnaz Show.î
In 1974, a Turkish Airlines DC-10 crashed shortly after takeoff from Orly Airport in Paris, killing all 346 people on board.
In 1991, motorist Rodney King was severely beaten by Los Angeles police officers in a scene captured on amateur video. Twenty-five people were killed when a United Airlines Boeing 737-200 crashed while approaching the Colorado Springs airport.
In 1996, Israel declared ìtotal warî against the militant group Hamas after a bus bomb in Jerusalem killed 19 people, including the bomber, the third such suicide attack in eight days.
In 2001, a plane carrying members of a National Guard engineering crew crashed in heavy rain near Macon, Ga., killing all 21 people on board.
In 2019, a tornado roared into the small community of Beauregard, Alabama, killing 23 people; it was the nationís deadliest tornado in nearly six years.
Ten years ago: Seeking to repair damaged relations, President Barack Obama and Mexican President Felipe Calderon agreed during a White House meeting to deepen their cooperation in combating drug violence and declared a breakthrough in efforts to end a long-standing dispute over cross-border trucking. Soldiers backing Ivory Coastís defiant leader, Laurent Gbagbo (loh-RAHNí BAHGí-boh), mowed down women protesting his refusal to leave power in a hail of gunfire, killing seven.
Five years ago: Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz leveled withering criticism at Donald Trumpís ìflexibleî policy positions and personal ethics during a Republican presidential debate in Detroit. President Barack Obama visited Milwaukee to highlight how his signature health insurance overhaul had helped millions of Americans gain coverage. North Korea fired six short-range projectiles into the sea hours after the U.N. Security Council approved the toughest sanctions on Pyongyang in two decades.