By The Associated Press
Today in History
Today is Tuesday, July 28, the 210th day of 2020. There are 156 days left in the year.
Todayís Highlight in History:
On July 28, 1945, the U.S. Senate ratified the United Nations Charter by a vote of 89-2.
On this date:
In 1794, Maximilien Robespierre, a leading figure of the French Revolution, was sent to the guillotine.
In 1914, World War I began as Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.
In 1929, Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis was born in Southampton, N.Y.
In 1932, federal troops forcibly dispersed the so-called ìBonus Armyî of World War I veterans who had gathered in Washington to demand payments they werenít scheduled to receive until 1945.
In 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced the end of coffee rationing, which had limited people to one pound of coffee every five weeks since it began in Nov. 1942.
In 1945, a U.S. Army bomber crashed into the 79th floor of New Yorkís Empire State Building, killing 14 people.
In 1959, in preparation for statehood, Hawaiians voted to send the first Chinese-American, Republican Hiram L. Fong, to the U.S. Senate and the first Japanese-American, Democrat Daniel K. Inouye, to the U.S. House of Representatives.
In 1976, an earthquake devastated northern China, killing at least 242,000 people, according to an official estimate.
In 1984, the Los Angeles Summer Olympics opened.
In 1989, Israeli commandos abducted a pro-Iranian Shiite (SHEEí-eyet) Muslim cleric, Sheik Abdul-Karim Obeid (AHBí-dool kah-REEMí oh-BAYDí), from his home in south Lebanon. (He was released in January 2004 as part of a prisoner swap.)