Open to global capital, not people
BERKELEY — Trump to global CEOs and financiers in Davos, Switzerland, last week: “America is open for business.” We’re now a great place for you to make money. We’ve slashed taxes and regulations so you can make a bundle here.
Trump to ambitious young immigrants around the world, including those brought here as children: America is closed. We don’t want you. Forget that poem affixed to the Statue of Liberty about bringing us your poor yearning to breathe free. Don’t even try.
In Trump’s America, global capital is welcome, people aren’t.
Well, I have news for the so-called businessman. America was built by ambitious people from all over the world, not by global capital.
Global capital wants just one thing: A high return on its investment.
Global capital has no obligation to any country or community. If there’s another place around the world where taxes are lower and regulations laxer, global capital will move there at the speed of an electronic blip.
Global capital doesn’t care how it gets a high return. If it can get it by slashing wages, outsourcing to contract workers, polluting air and water, defrauding investors or destroying communities, it will.
People are different. Once they’ve rooted somewhere, they generally stay put. They develop webs of connections and loyalties.
If they’re ambitious — and, let’s face it, the one characteristic that almost all immigrants to America have shared for more than two centuries is ambition — they develop skills, educate their kids and contribute to their communities and their nation.
My great-grandfather arrived in America from Ukraine. He was 19 years old and penniless. What brought him here was his ambition. He built a business. He started a family.
Then he invited his brothers and sisters from Ukraine to join him. He put them up in his home and gave them some of his savings to start their own lives as Americans.
You may call it “chain migration,” Mr. Trump, but we used to call it “family reunification.” We believed it wasn’t just humane to allow members from abroad to join their loved ones here, but also good for America. It made the nation stronger and more prosperous.
By the way, Mr. Trump, global capital doesn’t create jobs. Jobs are created when customers want more goods and services. Nobody invests in a business unless they expect consumers to buy what that business will produce. Those consumers include immigrants.
Consumers are also workers. The more productive they are and the better they’re paid, the more goods and services they buy — creating a virtuous circle of higher wages and more jobs.
They become more productive and better paid when they have access to good schools and universities, good health care and well-maintained transportation systems linking them together.
This combination — people rooted in families and communities, supplemented by ambitious young immigrants, all aided by good education and infrastructure — made America the economic powerhouse it is today.
Along the way, regulations proved to be necessary guardrails. We protected the environment, prevented fraud and tried to stop financial entities from gambling away everyone’s savings, because we came to see that capitalism without such guardrails is a mudslide.
We didn’t accomplish what we’ve achieved by cutting taxes and slashing regulations so global investors could make more money in America, while preventing ambitious immigrants from coming to our shores.
We raised taxes — especially on big corporations and wealthy individuals — in order to finance good schools, public universities and infrastructure. We regulated business. And we welcomed immigrants and reunited families.
Global capital came our way not because we were a cheap place to do business but because we were a fabulously productive and innovative place to do business.
Now Trump and his rich backers want to undo all this. No one should be surprised. When they look at the economy they only see money. They’ve made lots of it.
But the real economy is people. America should be open to ambitious people even if they’re dirt poor, like my great-grandfather. It should also be open to their relations, whose family members here will give them a start.
It should invest in people, as it once did.
America didn’t become great by global capital seeking higher returns, but by people from all over the world seeking better lives. And global capital won’t make it great again.
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Robert Reich, former U.S. Secretary of Labor, is professor of public policy at the University of California at Berkeley and the author of “Aftershock: The Next Economy and America’s Future.” He blogs at www.robertreich.org.